World events 100 years ago
By: Brenda Harrison
Events during the year 1918:
Jan. 26 – Herbert Hoover, US Food Administrator, calls for “wheatless” and “meatless” days for war effort
Jan. 27 – “Tarzan of the Apes”, first Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater
Feb. 6 – Great Britain grants women (30 & over) the vote
Feb. 8 – Stars & Stripes,” weekly US armed forces newspaper, first published
Feb, 21 – The last Carolina parakeet dies in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo
March 11 – Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia
March 31 – First daylight savings time in US goes into effect
April 16 – The British House of Commons passes a new Military Service Bill, taking men up to 55 years old and extending to Ireland
April 21 – World War I: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen “The Red Baron” shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France, Canadian pilot Arthur Roy Brown credited with the kill.
May 14 – Sunday baseball is made legal in Washington, DC
May 16 – The Sedition Act of 1918 is passed by the U.S. Congress, making criticism of the government an imprisonable offense.
May 21 – US House of Representatives passes amendment allowing women to vote
June 1 - Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop downs six aircrafts over a three-day span, including German ace Paul Bilik, reclaiming his top scoring title from James McCudden
June 22 – Circus train rammed by troop train kills 68 (Ivanhoe, Illinois)
July 8 – Babe Ruth’s blast over the fence in Fenway scores Amos Strunk, the Red Sox win 1-0 over Cleveland, prevailing rules reduce Babe’s HR to a triple
July 9 – US Congress creates Distinguished Service Medal (not to be confused with other countries’ decorations of the same name)
July 16 – A Bolshevik firing squad at Ekaterinburg, Siberia, executes Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, his family and several retainers
July 25 – Race riot in Chester Pennsylvania (three blacks and two whites killed.)
July 26 – Race riot in Philadelphia (three whites and one black killed)
Oct. 8 – American soldier Alvin York single-handedly attacks German gun nest, killing 25 and capturing 132 Germans
Oct. 11 – Major tsunami shakes Caribbean
Nov. 3 – Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW 1.
On Nov. 6, Republic of Poland proclaimed
Oct. 28 – Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up
Oct 30 – Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
Oct. 31 – Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in U.S. in one week
Nov. 9 – German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II abdicates after German defeat in WW I.
Nov. 11 - Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates. Austria becomes a republic.
Nov. 13 - Prince Friedrich, last reigning Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont, abdicates.
Nov. 14 – Republic of Czechoslovakia created with Tomáš Masaryk as its first president
Dec. 1 – Danish parliament passed an act to grant Iceland independence under Danish crown
– Serbian-Croatian-Slovic kingdom proclaimed in Belgrade
– Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established
Dec. 27 - The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins.